Uber started off with a product that addresses a deep-seated problem.
Uber has two mobile apps: one for Uber passengers, and another for Uber drivers.
For the passenger app, users simply create an account using thier email, enter their credit card details in advance, and they'd good to go. To book a cab, they simply press a button, and an Uber car will soon arrive.
For Uber drivers, they can use the app to pick up customers with the press of a button too. Simply go "online" and they're ready to pick up passengers.
What Uber did was provide a fuss-free solution for customers and drivers. By being able to provide a solution to such a widespread problem, they were able to strike the hearts of many, and get them to try it out.
As Bill Gurley of Benchmark, investor for Uber and eBay says,
The product is so good, there is no one spending hundreds of thousands of dollars on marketing.
Let's take a look at Uber's referral program:
1: They have two separate referral programs for drivers and riders
Because of Uber's unique position as a middle-person connecting crowdsourced drivers and passengers, they have two separate different referral programs.
For riders, the referral program is fairly straightforward: sign up for an Uber account, and you'll receive cash credits you can enjoy for your first ride. Refer your friends to sign up for Uber using your code, and the two of you will each enjoy a referral reward in credits.
At one time, Uber offered $30 in referral credits, which was enough to cover multiple rides. (It now offers $5 for a referral.)
However, in order to combat the demand-supply issue, you need more drivers. As such, Uber's strategy for attracting more drivers is very special:
A. Referral rewards for referring other drivers (and even riders)
Look at the above picture. Uber now has a complex referral program that offers different rewards depending on who is referred to become a driver. If a driver signs up using his own car, Uber drivers can earn up to $500. If a driver signs up with a rental, he can earn up to $1,750! (That's a LOT of money!)
Driving is their job, so rewarding Uber drivers with cash is a no-brainer. However, giving Uber riders ride credits incentivizes their next trip, ensuring that they'll return to use it.
They can even order their own customized Uber business cards:
Personally, I think it's a smart move to include a referral reward for drivers to refer riders. It is almost certain that drivers will have both potential Uber riders and drivers in their circles.
Having another referral system to refer potential Uber riders ensures that you leave no stones unturned.
Uber has understood that customers belonging to your competitors are still potential customers. All they need is proof that your company is better.
However, there is a way to game to system. Lyft drivers can sign up for Uber, earn the rewards, then go back to driving for Lyft.
But it might not matter that much for Uber, as their aim is to let as many drivers try out Uber as possible. They trust that the drivers will be able to tell which company is better for them.
This suggests the amount of confidence Uber has in their product.
2. Being aware of the nuances of specific cities and time periods
The taxi problem varies from state to state and between countries. Hence, the referral incentives for one state might not be sufficient in another state with a greater need for Uber drivers.
So, it makes sense for Uber to tweak their referral rewards and referral rates to suit the unique demographics for each state and country.
Uber's attention to the unique complexities of individual cities also allows them to be the first response when the need for their services arise.
During the Boston bus strike in 2013, Uber offered free rides for Boston Public School students to travel to and from school. They got a lot of positive publicity from it, and their popularity soared soon after.
This is also evident from Uber's local blogs and referral marketing. There are blogs focusing on every state and country that Uber is in, providing them with exclusively local events, deals, and special offers.
Stuff to note:
Understand what your target customers are like, and how they behave – Uber has done what it has done because they have a deep understanding of their consumers' behaviors, demographics, and reviews. This allows them to tailor their referral programs in many ways that exceed more generic referral programs.
Generosity goes a long way – The referral rewards for new Uber rider signups may vary, but they usually allow for more than one free ride. This amount of generosity can be easily felt, and they'll much more likely to boast to their friends about you.
As a finalist in Esquire's Best Dressed Real Man contest, Samuel is ReferralCandy's fashion eCommerce expert and resident sartorialist. He is obsessed with human behavior, social psychology, and handstands. He is also the lead calisthenics trainer at Weightless.
A referral program is a deliberate, systematic way of getting people to make referrals to your business. Referral programs are often called word-of-mouth marketing, because they reward existing customers for sharing and incentivize new customers to try out your brand.